China is home to about 18 percent of the world’s population. Despite the fact that China has the third biggest landmass, 94% of the country’s population lives on just 43% of the country’s total land surface.
There is a diagonal line running from Heihe to Tengchong that divides the majority of the people. It’s similar to the scenario in Canada, where half of the country’s population lives in a tiny area along the Great Lakes. Climate and geography, resources, and culture all play a role in why this is the case.
Eastern China’s flat plains and water sources like the Sichuan Basin and the Yellow and Yangtze rivers make it simpler to grow crops and build towns because of the supply of water. The Taklamakan and Gobi Deserts are found in Western China and the Tibet Plateau.
Since these locations are located in the Himalayan Mountains, they are prone to dramatic temperature swings. In the winter, temperatures may drop as low as -40 degrees Fahrenheit and then skyrocket to 113 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer.
Despite being a challenging environment for humans, western China contains glaciers. The five rivers that originate in the region provide water to several Asian nations. It also possesses oil, and its geography has functioned as a natural barrier against invaders for centuries. Most of the residents are ethnic minorities in China.
Six percent of China’s population lives in the western section of the nation, and they are mostly ethnic minorities. Despite China’s 56 ethnic groups, Han Chinese make up the vast majority of the population, which comprises more than 90% of the country.
Take a look at this video by RealLifeLore on Youtube to know more on the topic: